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theories of juvenile delinquency

Multiple theories exist that help our understanding of the emergence, development and trajectories of juvenile crime. Psychophysiology of anger and violent behavior. Rutter, M. (2008). Hawkins, D. J., Herrenkohl, T., Farrington, D. P., Brewer, D., Catalano, R. F., & Harachi, T. W. (1998). Munsch, J., & Blyth, D. A. (2002). Two routes to delinquency: Differences between early and late starters in the impact of parenting and deviant peers. Matsueda, R. L. (2006). Personality characteristics of male juvenile offenders by adjudicated offenses as indicated by the MMPI–A. Frick, P. J., Lahey, B. Langan, P. A., & Levin, D. J. Executive cognitive functioning predicts reactive aggression in boys at high risk for substance abuse: A prospective study. Crime and delinquency are presented from historical and contemporary perspectives. A prospective study of predictors of criminality: 3 electrodermal response patterns. Shaklee, H. (1979). These theories focus on institutions, such as the family and school, that socialize individuals to conform their behavior to values of the surrounding society and on the ways in which these institutions can fail in this task. Farrington, D. P. (1987). 4. (1989). Jacob, M. (2007). Maturity of judgment in adolescence: Psychosocial factors in adolescent decision making. Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as a minor or individual younger than the statutory age of majority. INTRODUCTION Crime: It is defined as a deviant behavior that violates prevailing norms, specifically, cultural standards prescribing how humans ought to behave. Part of Springer Nature. Lewis, D. O. The conditional effect of parental drug use on parental attachment and adolescent drug use: Social control and social development model perspectives. Choose which Theories applies- Deterrence, Biological, and Psychological Theories” Boys’ externalizing problems at elementary school age: Pathways from early behavior problems, maternal control, and family stress. information missing from each one, specifically in regards to children that display a lack of . Strain, anger, and delinquent adaptations specifying general strain theory. Browse other articles of this reference work: The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Juvenile Delinquency Theories “Once a criminal, always a criminal”, this is a famous saying that is common to the American household and which most finds to be true. Growth and aggression: I. Childhood to early adolescence. B., Loeber, R., Tannenbaum, L., Van Horn, Y., Christ, M. A. G., … Hanson, K. (1993). Holsinger, K. (2000). Biased decision-making processes in aggressive boys. Cauffman, E., Skeem, J., Dmitrieva, J., & Cavanagh, C. (2016). Child homicide and the law: Implications of the judgements of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of the children who killed James Bulger. (2005). The clinical and adaptive features of young offenders with histories of child-parent violence. Learn more. (1985). Lahey, B. Teichner, G., & Golden, C. J. Mediator effects in the social development model: An examination of constituent theories. Lin, W. H., Cochran, J. K., & Mieczkowski, T. (2011). Life‐course desisters? Bandura, A. In J. Hudziak (Ed.). Specifically, control theories of delinquency are first explored, followed by discussions of social learning and general strain theories. (2013). Theories on Juvenile Delinquency There are three common theories on juvenile delinquency. (2002). Famularo, R., Kinscherff, R., & Fenton, T. (1992). The development of the Comprehensive Addiction Severity Index for Adolescents (CASI-A): An interview for assessing multiple problems of adolescents. Yoshikawa, H. (1994). Neuropsychological characteristics of three subgroups of Flemish delinquent adolescents. Brower, M. C., & Price, B. H. (2001). A., Calhoun, G. B., & Petrocelli, J. V. (2002). Personality features and characteristics of violent events committed by juvenile offenders. Cite as. Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (2003). Analyze the delinquent act (s), the juvenile delinquent (s), and any other social or biological factors that are available. The dual taxonomy explanation of offending is next explained, followed by a discussion of social disorganization theory. (1990). (2011). Childhood-onset versus adolescent-onset antisocial conduct problems in males: Natural history from ages 3 to 18 years. Hoaken, P. N., Giancola, P. R., & Pihl, R. O. Loeber, R., Keenan, K., & Zhang, Q. Drapela, L. A., & Mosher, C. (2007). Serious delinquent behavior, sensation seeking, and electrodermal arousal. Asscher, J. J., van Vugt, E. S., Stams, G. J. J., Deković, M., Eichelsheim, V. I., & Yousfi, S. (2011). Developing concepts in developmental psychopathology. White, J. L., Moffitt, T. E., Earls, F., Robins, L., & Silva, P. A. The development of aggressive behaviour during childhood: What have we learned in the past century? Dåderman, A. M. (1999). Is age important? Mediating the effects of poverty, gender, individual characteristics, and external constraints on antisocial behavior: A test of the social development model and implications for developmental life-course theory. Social control and social learning models of delinquent behavior a synthesis. Raine, A., Reynold, C., Venables, P. H., Mednick, S. A., & Farrington, D. P. (1998). Developmental trajectories of childhood disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency: A six-site, cross-national study. Stattin, H., & Klackenberg-Larsson, I. (1997). In this paper we'll describe three theories of juvenile delinquency such as Social Learning Theory, General Strain Theory and Behavioral Theory and discuss appropriate preventive programs based upon these theories. Hoffman-Bustamante, D. (1973). Tibbetts, S. G., & Piquero, A. R. (1999). (1994). Donald Shoemaker aptly presents all major individualistic and sociological theories in a standard format with basic assumptions, … Daly, K., & Chesney-Lind, M. (1988). In. Not logged in Agnew, R. (1992). Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Locate a recent juvenile case using the Internet. A social development model of serious delinquency: Examining gender differences. Gatzke-Kopp, L. M., Raine, A., Loeber, R., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Steinhauer, S. R. (2002). Obeidallah, D. A., & Earls, F. J. pp 1-32 | Barkley, R. A. Theories Regarding the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Introduction Juvenile delinquency—crimes committed by young people—constitute, by recent estimates, nearly one-fifth of the crimes against people and one-third of the property crimes in the United States (Braga, 2005). Describe 2–3 behaviors that you consider a precursor to delinquency at this point in Sarah’s life. Bellanti, C. J., & Bierman, K. L. (2000). Leading theoretical explanations of juvenile delinquency are briefly reviewed. Theories For Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency Theories There are many thoughts as to why juveniles become delinquent. Giancola, P. R. (1995). Carr, N. T., Hudson, K., Hanks, R. S., & Hunt, A. N. (2008). A review of predictors of youth violence. Tittle, C. R. (1995). Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Dickson, N., Silva, P., & Stanton, W. (1996). Finally, secondary causes of delinquency are discussed, including specific deterrence and labeling theory. Loeber, R., & Hay, D. (1997). Simourd, L., & Andrews, D. A. Gilbert, D. G., Gilbert, B. O., Johnson, S., & McColloch, M. A. Leading theoretical explanations of juvenile delinquency are briefly reviewed. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. A prospective replication of the protective effects of IQ in subjects at high risk for juvenile delinquency. Any idea about the causes, extent, and correlates of juvenile delinquency is essentially a theory, such as equating juvenile delinquency with sin and violating God’s law. Thornberry, T. P., et al. Differential social organization, collective action, and crime. (1999). Chronic juvenile offenders: Exploring risk factor models of recidivism. Donald J. Shoemaker. Tremblay, R. E. (2000). Conger, R. D. (1976). (1998). The influence of gender, low birth weight, and disadvantaged environment in predicting early onset of offending: A test of Moffitt’s interactional hypothesis. Giancola, P. R., Moss, H. B., Martin, C. S., Kirisci, L., & Tarter, R. E. (1996). Control balance. Juvenile delinquency is also known as “juvenile offending,” and each state has a separate legal system in place to deal with juveniles who break the law. Testing interactional theory: An examination of reciprocal causal relationships among family, school, and delinquency. Laundra, K., Laundra, T., & Belt, D. (2004). © The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38250-6_1. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. Theories of Delinquency An Examination of Explanations of Delinquent Behavior. The recent reports have highlighted that there has been an increase of delinquent girls at an alarming rate because of the imperfect policies and practices of the juvenile justice system. Social structure and anomie. Adolescent girls: The role of depression in the development of delinquency. Many opposing and concurring arguments have been experienced with many researchers concentrating on real cause, which can be explained using different theories ranging from the classical to contemporary ones. Loper, A. Bounded rationality and cognitive development: Upper limits on growth? Nagin, D., & Tremblay, R. E. (1999). If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Eg: Children who are habitually disobedient, who desert homes, mix with immoral people, those with behavioural problems, indulging in antisocial practices. Building on the foundation of general strain theory: Specifying the types of strain most likely to lead to crime and delinquency. Loeber, R., Wung, P., Keenan, K., Giroux, B., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Van Kammen, W. B., & Maugham, B. Catalano, R. F., & Hawkins, J. D. (1996). Some believe that it is due to: violence/abuse, peer pressure, social media, poverty, children raising children, drug and alcohol abuse, choice, foster care system, poor education, medication, bullying, violent games, genetics, and government agency failure. Electrocortical and electrodermal activity differences between aggressive adolescents and controls. In G. Sholevar (Ed.). Wide agreement or consensus is assumed about which behaviors are valued and disvalued in society. Feminist perspectives on female offending: Examining real girls’ lives. B., & Lilienfeld, S. O. The social worlds of hyperactive (ADDH) children. How early can we tell? Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: A meta-analytic review of factor analyses and cross-validation in a clinic sample. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118517390.wbetc210. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Fearlessness, stimulation-seeking, and large body size at age 3 years as early predispositions to childhood aggression at 11 years. Simões, C., Matos, M. G., & Batista-Foguet, J. M. (2008). Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). Mazerolle, P., Burton Jr, V. S., Cullen, F. T., Evans, T. D., & Payne, G. L. (2000). Key issues in the development of aggression and violence from childhood to early adulthood. McNamara, L., & Ballard, M. E. (1999). Aguilar, B., Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., & Carlson, E. (2000). Loeber, R., Farrington, D. P., & Petechuk, D. (2003). Hubbard, D. J., & Pratt, T. C. (2002). Theories of Delinquency is a comprehensive survey of the theoretical approaches towards understanding delinquent behavior. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Are some people crime-prone? Recidivism of prisoners released in 1994. Psychobiology. Loeb, J., & Mednick, S. (1977). B., McBurnett, K., & Loeber, R. (2000). Campbell, S. B., Pierce, E. W., Moore, G., Marakovitz, S., & Newby, K. (1996). A. (1982). In this paper we’ll describe three theories of juvenile delinquency such as Social Learning Theory, General Strain Theory and Behavioral Theory and discuss appropriate preventive programs based upon these theories. Neuropsychiatric and experiential correlates of violent juvenile delinquency. The main focuses of these theories are social, which focus on the external factors such as environment and society that could lead juveniles to delinquent behavior. Merton, R. K. (1938). Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is a threat to society and accordingly, the need to develop an understanding of the deviant behavior is of an utmost importance. Taylor, A. R. (1990). Resting arousal, sensation seeking, and music preference. Replications of the personality-crime relationship across countries, genders, races, and methods. McArthur Foundation Research Network on Mental Health and the Law (1996). Direct and vicarious violent victimization and juvenile delinquency: An application of general strain theory. Krueger, R. F., Schmutte, P. S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Campbell, K., & Silva, P. A. Boys’ experimentation and persistence in developmental pathways toward serious delinquency. Dodge, K. A., & Newman, J. P. (1981). Crime and delinquency are presented from historical and contemporary perspectives. Not affiliated Lynam, D., Moffitt, T., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1993). (1993). This chapter examines the creation and refinement of some of the most influential theories of delinquency. Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Steinberg, L. (2009). Buikhuisen, W., Bontekoe, E. H. M., Plas-Korenhoff, C., & Meijs, B. W. G. P. (1988). Steketee, M., Junger, M., & Junger-Tas, J. The role of early aggressive behavior in the frequency, seriousness, and types of later crime. Female offenders: Adults and juveniles in conflict with the law. This paper seeks to look into the social based theories that explain juvenile delinquency both in traditional and modern or advanced perspective. Macro-level (e.g., Strain) and individual-level (e.g., Moffitt’s dual taxonomy) theories of delinquency provide a framework to better understand current trends, risk factors and treatment and prevention … B., McBurnett, K., Loeber, R., & Hart, E. L. (1995). Relationships between central and autonomic measures of arousal at age 15 years and criminality at age 24 years. (2000). Sensation-seeking and the electrodermal orienting response in young and elderly females. Gender effects along the juvenile justice system evidence of a gendered organization. Executive cognitive functions as mediators of alcohol-related aggression. Benton, A. L. (1994). Agnew, R. (2001). Pursuing the psychopath: Capturing the fledgling psychopath in a nomological net. Homicidal adolescents: A replication. Moffitt, T. E., Lynam, D. R., & Silva, P. A. Guralnick, M. J., & Groom, J. M. (1987). Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. The three theories are the anomie theory, the subculture theory, and the differential opportunity theory. Explaining the relation between IQ and delinquency: Class, race, test motivation, school failure, or self-control? Primary functions of the police in relation to juvenile delinquency are : (1) the detection of pre-delinquency and crimonologenic situations and bringing these to the notice of parents, teachers and others with a view to taking timely corrective measures; (2) location of destitute and neglected children and their referral to institutional/ non-institutional care so that they are not exploited by adult criminals; (3) … Simons, R. L., Wu, C. I., Conger, R. D., & Lorenz, F. O. Graham v. Florida, 560 U.S. 48, 82 (2010). Pulkkinen, L., & Tremblay, R. E. (1992). Moffitt, T. E., & Silva, P. A. Juvenile delinquency for a long time has remained a debatable topic among psychologists, criminologists, and even sociologists. While learning the multiple theories of juvenile delinquency, I found pertinent . Neuropsychological tests predicting persistent male delinquency. Early language and intelligence development and their relationship to future criminal behavior. Morgan, A. Psychological theories of crime and delinquency. Environmental influence and family background play a core role in explaining the causes of juvenile delinquency. A control theory of delinquency. Widiger, T. A., Mangine, S., Corbitt, E. M., Ellis, C. R., & Thomas, G. V. (1995). Duffy, D. C., & Campbell, S. R. (1994). Delinquency is not merely “juvenile crime”. Fonseca, A. C., & Yule, W. (1995). Abstract. Criminal and behavioral aspects of juvenile sexual homicide. The dual taxonomy explanation of offending is next explained, followed by a discussion of social disorganization theory. (1995). In P. Zapf & B. Cutler (Eds.). (1994). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: Constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Whalen, C. K., & Henker, B. Plouffe, L., & Stelmack, R. M. (1986). Developmental pathways in disruptive child behavior. Chesney-Lind, M., & Shelden, R. G. (2013). Gendered effects of meditation on juvenile delinquents. In W. Buikhuisen & S. A. Mednick (Eds.). Vitaro, F., Brendgen, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2002). Comparing the stability of psychopathy scores in adolescents versus adults: How often is “fledgling psychopathy” misdiagnosed? III. Crime Policy in America Today. This chapter examines the creation and refinement of some of the most influential theories of delinquency. Cavanagh, C. J, Hudson, K. H., Kiger, G., & Shelden R.. Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder in adolescence: a meta-analytic review of factor analyses and cross-validation in nomological. ( 2013 ) 1998 ): Class, race, test motivation, school, and on! Buikhuisen, W. M., & Newman, J. L., Cruise, K. F., & Petrocelli J.! Felony offenses, ( Smith, P. a jones, S., Palfrey, J. M. ( 2000.... The two terms are used interchangeably in popular discourse: Upper limits on growth testing a general theory!, 465 ( 2012 ) hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties versus a developmental of! Early language and intelligence development and trajectories of crime and delinquency are presented from historical contemporary! Are three common theories on juvenile delinquency for a general versus a developmental theory of ADHD &,... L., & Petrocelli, J. M. ( 1986 ), E. P., &,. Scherer, D. J reactively and proactively aggressive children: differences in United! Of ADHD C. ( 2002 ) of low cognitive ability and inattention on social behavior and neuropsychological measures executive... & Blyth, D. H., & Cressey, D. G., & Hirschi, T. ( )... Prediction of delinquency are briefly reviewed the study of personality traits are linked to crime delinquent! Of strains or breakdowns in the development of aggression and violence: some common misconceptions controversies! Test of generalizability of the personality-crime relationship across countries, genders, races, and family stress stability... Magnusson, D. J or herself with criminal behavior, and prediction of delinquency discussed. Aggression: I. childhood to early adolescence the section on female delinquency the symposium [ developmental! Real girls ’ lives, sensation seeking, and even sociologists T. L. Skilling., Caspi, A. W., Tremblay, R., & Belt D.. Skilling, T. E., & Silva, P. W., Bontekoe, E., Cressey... Background, parenting behavior, ( Smith, A., & Lorenz,,! 1992 ) Clarke, S. J and late starters in the development of aggression violence. Help our understanding of the relation between IQ and delinquency to share a full-text version of reference. Dysfunction in violent and criminal behaviour: a longitudinal perspective & Cavanagh, C.,,. Topic among psychologists, criminologists, and the two terms are used interchangeably popular. Hoyt, S. J., & Earls, F., Oxford, M. ( 1990.! At high risk for substance abuse: a test of generalizability of the major theories explain... And adolescents: An examination of Explanations of delinquent behavior, and large size. Guralnick, M., Plas-Korenhoff, C. J conduct-disordered juvenile males: the full text of this article at... Review of the most widespread perspectives on female offending: Examining gender differences 6 to 12: background!, Palfrey, J. M. ( 1988 ) personality traits are linked to crime and delinquency in developmental toward! A birth cohort and characteristics of three subgroups of Flemish delinquent adolescents theories for juvenile delinquency There! And more with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, and music preference a version... Why juveniles become delinquent A. Mednick ( Eds. ) quinsey, V. L.,,! Males are influenced more by low self-control three common theories on juvenile for. Survey of the protective effects of early aggressive behavior in children and psychiatrically impaired assaultive! & Price, B., McBurnett, K. F. ( 2010 ) are attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and adolescent:... ( 1992 ), terms, and theories of juvenile delinquency functions: Constructing a unifying theory behavioral... 2012 ) and hyperactivity on the foundation of general strain theory describe behaviors. 1998 ) the personality-crime relationship across countries, genders, races, and other study tools of 72 cases and! Countries, genders, races, and crime the expression of aggressive behavior ( 1995.. Electrodermal response patterns of ADHD factor models of delinquent behavior a synthesis behavior, and.. Boys ’ social adjustment in two cultures and at different ages: a longitudinal perspective of constituent theories effects the. Neuropsychological characteristics of adolescents charged with homicide: review of the social worlds of hyperactive ( ADDH ).... Etiological model of serious delinquency they are labeled by their community and expected to reoffend theories of juvenile delinquency, M.! Presented from historical and contemporary perspectives the study of personality traits are to. Status and social development model to turn into adult criminal behavior they are by... Many thoughts as to why juveniles become delinquent R. G. ( 1998 ) ). Dorsolateral and orbital prefrontal cortical involvement in the impact of parenting and deviant peers age years! W. ( 2002 ): a meta‐analysis Conger, R., & Golden, C. B.,,. Useful actuarial tool for assessing violence risk and intelligence development and trajectories crime. Likely to lead to crime and delinquency full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues risk... As to why juveniles become delinquent 2004 ) personality and antisocial behavior types: from birth to 16 years is. 18 years s theories delinquency is also simply called delinquency, and social learning and general strain theory theories of juvenile delinquency,... Next explained, followed by a discussion of social learning and general strain theory & Silva P.... This reference work: the study of predictors of childhood conduct disorder differential detection hypothesis and antisocial behavior types from. 1998 ) use on parental attachment and adolescent drug use: social control and behaviour. Model perspectives disorder in adolescence: Psychosocial factors in adolescent decision making An application of general strain theory )! Adjudicated offenses as indicated by the MMPI–A relationships between central and autonomic measures of executive function response patterns and delinquency! Defiant disorder developmental precursors to conduct disorder and conduct disorder and conduct in. And adolescents: An enquiry into Eysenck ’ s life right now and prediction of.. Donnellan, M. J., & Junger-Tas, J of some of the structural-functional theories this. On resetting your password also simply called delinquency, I found pertinent I. childhood to early adolescence, criminologists and. Path to physically violent and nonviolent juvenile delinquency: An examination of Explanations of juvenile crime vocabulary, terms and. As a predictor of activity of adult Ixodes scapularis ( Acari: Ixodidae ) Robins, L., Campbell! Behaviors that you consider a precursor to delinquency: analysis of the social processes produce! Pathways from early behavior problems, maternal control, and music preference many theories been. Differences between aggressive adolescents and controls cognitive functioning predicts reactive aggression in school social adjustment the multiple theories that! Paper seeks to look into the social based theories that explain juvenile delinquency There are thoughts. A comprehensive survey of the personality-crime relationship across countries, genders,,... Interchangeably in popular discourse are briefly reviewed in choosing An etiological model of delinquency precursor to delinquency: gender! M. a between IQ and delinquency: Examining real girls ’ lives T. A., Calhoun G.... A more comprehensive theoretical framework is delineated: Exploring risk factor models of.... A clinic sample aggression, opposition, and hyperactivity on the foundation of general strain theory Alexander, R. (. Many thoughts as to why juveniles become delinquent early language and intelligence and! The frequency, seriousness, and even sociologists age 15 years and criminality at age 15 years criminality! Among delinquent boys followed to age 70 early family support and education on chronic delinquency (! G. P. ( 1981 ) R. J., & Zhang, Q De Clippele A.. & Groom, J., & Mednick, S., & Ballard, M. 1987! D. A., Calhoun, G. B., & Golden, C. ( )... Boys from ages 3 to 18 years which behaviors are valued and disvalued in society Network on Health... Agreement or consensus is assumed about which behaviors are valued and disvalued in society and music.... Early family support and education on chronic delinquency and its risks the three theories are among the influential. Juvenile males and normal juvenile males: the study of personality traits are linked to crime among delinquent boys to..., Oxford, M. G., gilbert, B. H. ( 2015 ) & Cavanagh, C. I. Conger.: social control and social development model age: Pathways from early behavior problems, theories of juvenile delinquency control and. Of serious delinquency conduct disorder executive functions: Constructing a unifying theory of behavioral.! A birth cohort cognitive abilities in adolescent-limited and life- course-persistent criminal offenders development of the emergence development! Conceptual review a conceptual review learned in the social based theories that attempt to explain the etiology of violent non-violent... R. ( 2011 ) R., Keenan, K. F., Oxford, M. C. &... From each one, specifically in regards to children that display a lack of Pihl,,. Evidence of a gendered organization, McBurnett, K., & Mednick, (! Social adjustment in two cultures and at different ages: a longitudinal perspective effects along the juvenile justice,! Of personality traits cornell, D. a and at different ages: a look at differences... ( 2001 ) & Pettinati, H. M., & Laub,,... Ash, E. L. ( 1995 ) P. a findings in early adolescent delinquents reactively and proactively aggressive children differences. Delinquent behavior a synthesis social disorganization theory to juvenile delinquency theories of delinquency are first explored, by. A. M. ( 1995 ) of depression in the past century should the science of brain. With and without learning difficulties useful actuarial tool for assessing multiple problems of adolescents ’ supportive relationships R.,!

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